Longest edge dimensioned in the drawing view
Longest edge dimensioned in the drawing view

This example demonstrates how to add a linear dimension to the longest edge in the selected drawing view using SOLIDWORKS API.

This macro is traversing all visible entities in the drawing view, calculates the length of the edge and finds the longest one. Macro will only work if the longest edge can be dimensioned (i.e. it is either linear or circular edge).

The entities returned from IView::GetVisibleEntities are already in the drawing view context and they could be selected directly via IEntity::Select4 SOLIDWORKS API method and it is not required to call the IView::SelectEntity function.

Location of the dimension is calculated by offsetting the middle point of the dimensioned edge in the normal curve direction (cross product of the tangent direction and the sheet Z axis) by 20% of the edge length. Unlike drawing in sheet context, drawing sheet scale is not required to be multiplied to the view transformation matrix when positioning the dimensions.

Dim swApp As SldWorks.SldWorks

Sub main()

    Set swApp = Application.SldWorks
    Dim swDraw As SldWorks.DrawingDoc
    Set swDraw = swApp.ActiveDoc
    If Not swDraw Is Nothing Then
        Dim swView As SldWorks.view
        Set swView = swDraw.SelectionManager.GetSelectedObject6(1, -1)
        If Not swView Is Nothing Then
            DimensionLongestEdge swDraw, swView
            MsgBox "Please select drawing view"
        End If
        MsgBox "Please open the drawing document"
    End If
End Sub

Sub DimensionLongestEdge(draw As SldWorks.DrawingDoc, view As SldWorks.view)
    Dim vVisComps As Variant
    vVisComps = view.GetVisibleComponents
    Dim i As Integer
    Dim swLongestEdge As SldWorks.edge
    Dim curMaxLength As Double
    curMaxLength = 0
    For i = 0 To UBound(vVisComps)
        Dim swComp As SldWorks.Component2
        Set swComp = vVisComps(i)
        Dim vVisEnts As Variant
        vVisEnts = view.GetVisibleEntities2(swComp, swViewEntityType_e.swViewEntityType_Edge)
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To UBound(vVisEnts)
            Dim swEdge As SldWorks.edge
            Set swEdge = vVisEnts(j)
            Dim curLength As Double
            curLength = GetEdgeLength(swEdge)
            If curLength > curMaxLength Then
                Set swLongestEdge = swEdge
                curMaxLength = curLength
            End If
    If swLongestEdge Is Nothing Then
        Err.Raise vbError, "", "Failed to find the longest edge"
    End If
    Dim swEnt As SldWorks.Entity
    Set swEnt = swLongestEdge
    swEnt.Select4 False, Nothing
    Dim vDimLoc As Variant
    vDimLoc = GetDimensionLocation(swLongestEdge, view)
    draw.AddDimension2 vDimLoc(0), vDimLoc(1), vDimLoc(2)
End Sub

Function GetEdgeLength(edge As SldWorks.edge) As Double
    Dim swCurve As SldWorks.Curve
    Set swCurve = edge.GetCurve()
    Dim swCurveParams As SldWorks.CurveParamData
    Set swCurveParams = edge.GetCurveParams3
    GetEdgeLength = swCurve.GetLength3(swCurveParams.UMinValue, swCurveParams.UMaxValue)
End Function

Function GetDimensionLocation(edge As SldWorks.edge, view As SldWorks.view) As Variant
    Dim swCurveParams As SldWorks.CurveParamData
    Set swCurveParams = edge.GetCurveParams3
    Dim vCurveData As Variant
    vCurveData = edge.Evaluate2((swCurveParams.UMinValue + swCurveParams.UMaxValue) / 2, 2)
    Dim dMidPt(2) As Double
    dMidPt(0) = vCurveData(0): dMidPt(1) = vCurveData(1): dMidPt(2) = vCurveData(2)
    Dim dDir(2) As Double
    dDir(0) = vCurveData(3): dDir(1) = vCurveData(4): dDir(2) = vCurveData(5)
    Dim dimOffset As Double
    Dim swCurve As SldWorks.Curve
    Set swCurve = edge.GetCurve
    dimOffset = swCurve.GetLength3(swCurveParams.UMinValue, swCurveParams.UMaxValue) * 0.2
    Dim swViewXForm As SldWorks.MathTransform
    Set swViewXForm = view.ModelToViewTransform
    Dim swMathUtils As SldWorks.MathUtility
    Set swMathUtils = swApp.GetMathUtility
    Dim swMathPt As SldWorks.MathPoint
    Set swMathPt = swMathUtils.CreatePoint(dMidPt)
    Set swMathPt = swMathPt.MultiplyTransform(swViewXForm)
    Dim swMathTangentVec As SldWorks.MathVector
    Set swMathTangentVec = swMathUtils.CreateVector(dDir)
    Set swMathTangentVec = swMathTangentVec.MultiplyTransform(swViewXForm)
    Dim swMathPerpVec As SldWorks.MathVector
    Dim dPerpVec(2) As Double
    dPerpVec(0) = 0: dPerpVec(1) = 0: dPerpVec(2) = 1
    Set swMathPerpVec = swMathUtils.CreateVector(dPerpVec)
    Dim swDimExtDir As SldWorks.MathVector
    Set swDimExtDir = swMathTangentVec.Cross(swMathPerpVec)
    GetDimensionLocation = MovePoint(swMathPt, swDimExtDir, dimOffset)
End Function

Function MovePoint(pt As SldWorks.MathPoint, dir As SldWorks.MathVector, dist As Double) As Variant
    Set dir = dir.Normalise()
    Set dir = dir.Scale(dist)
    Set pt = pt.AddVector(dir)
    MovePoint = pt.ArrayData
End Function